Skip to content

Weekly Prompt: Specificity

2011 March 4

Four wild daisies. (Not just flowers).

This week in my intro comp class, my students read a chapter from Natalie Goldberg’s book Writing Down the Bones, in which she urges aspiring writers to use specific language in their descriptions, arguing that, just as a person deserves the dignity of being called by the name that is unique to them, an object, an idea, or whatever it is that becomes the subject of one’s writings, also deserves the dignity of specificity (77).

I like this idea—that to write specifically is not only to render a subject more vividly, but it is to render that subject with an ethical hand: truthfully, respectfully, with acknowledgment of its dignity.  There is much talk in the arts of how to create ethically, with genuine concern for the dignity and humanity of the subjects that we handle in our work.  I like the idea that to write ethically involves more than paying attention to the greater political implications of our words; that such concerns are extremely important, but that as writers, in order to render these themes well, we also have a responsibility to pay close scrutiny to the elements of craft—if we are not paying careful attention to the colors and tonalities of our words, to the very palette with which we wield our art, then we are not honoring the subjects of our writing, either.  How that attention to detail pans out, of course, will be very different in every case (there is, in my opinion, no monolithically “correct” definition of, or approach to, solid craft).  But the idea that the attention and respect which a writer pays to his or her subject will be conveyed in the detailed inflections of his or her work seems very wise to me, indeed.

This week, my students worked on inversions in class in order to help them better understand the concept of “tone” in close reading.  One of the poems that, when inverted, produced the most striking results, was Naomi Shihab Nye’s “San Antonio.”  I am struck by the way that, in this poem, the sudden specificity that appears in line 10, when “the highways slide out of my hands,” renders the turn luminous, surprising, and opens up the whole piece to a flood of strikingly vivid remembrances (from highways to “old men / in the west side cafe,” to the “dominoes” that they deal “like magical charms”), before returning again to the more muted gestures of the poem’s opening.  That burst of specific color and shape, the naming that occurs in the middle of the poem, acts like a magical rip, a tiny mouth in the fabric of the poem’s surface that Nye, like a magician, lets spill out and roll around like little jewels for a moment, illuminating and deepening the scene and the relationship between the I and you for a tantalizingly evocative moment, before deftly hiding them away again.  The memory of that scene, with the old men and their dominoes, and the highways slipping away from the speaker’s hands like ribbons or fish, lingers with the reader, and it casts its spell on the final few lines, strengthening, emboldening, making the speaker more dimensional to us, bestowing upon her the dignity of our remembrance.

Prompt: Write a poem whose primary device relies on the power of naming particular objects, or whose craft strategically focuses the reader’s attention on a collection of small, but piercingly specific, details.

Leave a Reply

Note: You can use basic XHTML in your comments. Your email address will never be published.

Subscribe to this comment feed via RSS